By Angus Konstam
In April 1713 the conflict of the Spanish Succession got here to an finish. throughout the clash 1000's of privateers - licenced pirates - preyed on enemy delivery during the Caribbean. those privateers now came across themselves out of a role, and plenty of became to piracy. certainly one of topic used to be Edward train - extra popularly referred to as "Blackbeard".
He joined the pirates in New windfall (now Nassau) within the Bahamas, and through early 1717 he had develop into a pirate captain. From then on he prompted havoc off the North American seaboard, within the West Indies and rancid Honduras, sooner than showing off Charleston, South Carolina in may well 1718. He blockaded this significant port for per week, an act that made Blackbeard the main infamous pirate of his day.
He then "downsized" - intentionally working his flagship aground close to Beaufort, North Carolina, sooner than crusing north in a small sloop to hunt a pardon from the colony's governor, Charles Eden. For past due June onwards, Blackbeard lived within the colony's tiny capital of tub city, and pretended to have became his replaced his methods. besides the fact that, he additionally verified a den on within sight Ocracoke Island in North Carolina's outer banks, and used this as a base for pirate forays into the waters of the Virginia and Delaware. He then used tub city as a clearing condominium for his plunder.
In the neighbouring colony of Virginia, Governor Alexander Spotswood made up our minds to do so. British warships have been anchored in Virginia's James River, and he and their captains started making plans a raid - an assault designed to accommodate Blackbeard as soon as and all.
In November 1718 Lieutenant Maynard was once despatched south down the coast with employed sloops, and orders to find and wreck Blackbeard's sloop, the journey. while a land day trip was once fixed, led by means of Captain Brandt of the Royal army. His males "invaded" North Carolina, and marched on bathtub city, hoping to nook the pirates and seize their stockpile of plunder.
On Friday twenty second November the sloops Ranger and Jane rounded Ocracoke Island, and attacked the journey. within the small yet hard-fought motion that Blackbeard's vessel used to be boarded, and the pirate captain used to be slain. whereas Maynard sailed domestic to Virginia with Blackbeard's severed head putting from his bowsprit, Captain Brandt seized tub city, captured what pirates nonetheless remained at huge, after which headed again in triumph to Williamsburg together with his prisoners. such a lot of them will be hanged ahead of the 12 months was once out. The assault on Blackbeard's lair used to be the most important anti-piracy operation of the "Golden Age of Piracy", and a textbook instance of the way to house the scourge of piracy.