By Antonio Negri
Factory of Strategy is the final of Antonio Negri's significant political works to be translated into English. Rigorous and available, it truly is either a scientific inquiry into the advance of Lenin's concept and an encapsulation of a serious shift in Negri's theoretical trajectory.
Lenin is the one famous flesh presser of the fashionable period to significantly query the "withering away" and "extinction" of the country, and prefer Marx, he famous the hyperlink among capitalism and glossy sovereignty and the necessity to damage capitalism and reconfigure the kingdom. Negri refrains from portraying Lenin as a ferocious dictator implementing the proletariat's reappropriation of wealth, nor does he depict him as a trifling army device of a leading edge against the Ancien Régime. Negri as an alternative champions Leninism's skill to evolve to various working-class configurations in Russia, China, Latin the United States, and in different places. He argues that Lenin built a brand new political figuration in and past modernity and an efficient association in a position to soaking up assorted historic stipulations. He finally urges readers to acknowledge the common software of Leninism this present day and its strength to institutionally―not anarchically―dismantle centralized power.
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Extra info for Factory of Strategy: Thirty-Three Lessons on Lenin (Insurrections: Critical Studies in Religion, Politics, and Culture)
Burning Questions of Our flow (Peking: international Language Press, 1973); and Lenin, One breakthrough, Steps again: The problem in Our occasion, trans. A. Fineberg and N. Jochel, in accumulated Works, vol. 7 (Moscow: development Publishers, 1965). 7. Lenin, The Proletarian Revolution and the Renegade Kautsky (Peking: international Languages Press, 1972). eight. Rosa Luxemburg, The Mass Strike, the Political social gathering and the exchange Unions, trans. P. Lavin (Detroit: Marxist academic Society of Detroit, 1925), 32. 111 LENIN AND THE SOVIETS nine. Leon Trotsky, “1905,” trans. A. Bostock, in Our Revolution (London: classic, 1907), chap. eight. 10. the newest and trained examine at the Soviet is definitely: C. Anweiler, Die Ratebewegung in Russland, 1905–1931, vol. five, Studien zur Geschichte Osteuropas (Amsterdam: Brill, 1958). This research has been used all through our classes the following. eleven. J. Martow, Geschichte der russischen Sozialdemokratie (Berlin: Buchhandlung und Verl. Politladen, 1973), 110ff. 12. See Lenin, Lecture at the 1905 Revolution. thirteen. Lenin, The Boycott of the Bulygin Duma, and insurrection, trans. A. Fineberg and J. Kratzer, ed. G. Hanna, in amassed Works (Moscow: growth Publishers, 1972), 9:184. 14. Ibid. 15. Lenin, Socialism and Anarchism, trans. A. Rothstein, in amassed Works (Moscow: growth Publishers, 1972), 10:72. 112 11 LENIN AND THE SOVIETS among 1905 AND 1917 L settle for the either-or substitute among Soviet or get together, his declare that the Soviet is the organism instantly instrumental to rebel whereas to the occasion is entrusted the everlasting and ultimate ends of the innovative move in a polemic and demystification of the Menshevik software, and the paradox of the Soviet we pointed out past are all extra clarified by means of his writings of the interval of 1906 to 1907, the yr of the bourgeois restoration. whereas in the course of the such a lot acute interval of fight, whilst the Soviets have been without delay invested and configured by means of the employees’ fight, the danger in their being entrapped within the institutional mechanism of bourgeois democracy should be thought of in simple terms theoretical, now, in a section of the ebb of fight and of bourgeois restoration, this had turn into an instantaneous risk. This strategy of the sterilization of the Soviet foreshadowed its removing, not just because the device of fight but in addition as an software of political illustration in democracy. To imagine that there might have been a unique improvement was once to yield to the worst constitutional illusions and to conceive once more, in Proudhonian phrases, the Soviet as a constitutive second of pluralist democracy. And this was once two times illusory: to start with with recognize to Russian capital, that can now not even think sorts of renowned self-management sensible to democratic improvement; moment, in additional basic phrases, simply because such constitutionalism, if it have been attainable, faraway from altering ENIN’S REFUSAL TO LENIN AND THE SOVIETS the ability of the bourgeoisie, may have basically reinforced it. The Soviets have been, in sum, the goods and organs of the staff’ fight and will now not be anything.