Communism

Red Star Over Hollywood: The Film Colony’s Long Romance with the Left

By Ronald Radosh

Until now, Hollywood's political background has been ruled via a gradual move of movies and memoirs decrying the nightmare of the purple Scare. yet Ronald and Allis Radosh convey that the true drama of that period lay within the tale of the motion picture stars, administrators and particularly screenwriters who joined the Communist social gathering or traveled in its orbit, and made the social gathering the focal point in their political and social lives. The authors' such a lot debatable discovery is that in the investigations of the home Committee on Un-American actions, the Hollywood Reds themselves have been beset by means of doubts and disagreements approximately their disloyalty to the USA, and their very own therapy through the Communist social gathering. deserted via their outdated CP allies, they confronted the Blacklist alone.

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Encounterbooks. com FIRST version Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication facts Radosh, Ronald. purple famous person over Hollywood ; the movie colony’s lengthy romance with the left / Ronald Radosh and Allis Radosh. p. cm. contains bibliographical references and index. ISBN 1-594031304 1. usa. Congress. residence. Committee on Un-American actions. 2. Screenwriters—United States—Political task. three. movie manufacturers and directors—United States—Political job. four. Communism and movies— usa. I. Radosh, Allis. II. identify PN1998. 2. R33 2005 384'. 8'0979494—dc22 2005047324 10 nine eight 7 6 five four three 2 1 ✰ Contents Preface vii bankruptcy 1: The Romance starts 1 bankruptcy 2: The Hollywood get together 21 bankruptcy three: the preferred entrance: 1935–1939 37 bankruptcy four: The Nazi-Soviet Pact and Its Aftermath sixty one bankruptcy five: “A nice ancient Mistake” ninety three bankruptcy 6: The chilly struggle starts in Hollywood 109 bankruptcy 7: Crackdown: The Case of Albert Maltz 123 bankruptcy eight: HUAC is going to Hollywood 137 bankruptcy nine: HUAC Returns 163 bankruptcy 10: The fight of Dalton Trumbo 207 end 235 Appendix: The Blacklist on movie 243 Acknowledgments 249 Notes 253 Index 291 ✰ Preface H OLLYWOOD POLITICS HAS turn into the topic OF a countrywide comedian monologue. we're amused by way of actors who toy with political and social rules, adopting and discarding them with equivalent caprice and treating them because the highbrow identical of favor statements. it's now de rigueur to haven't just a certain “cause” of one’s personal, yet even, à los angeles Barbra Streisand, a paid fulltime political consultant. The political fads that sweep via Tinsel city contain occupation excess of sense of right and wrong. in retrospect at Hollywood fifty years in the past, we see anything fairly diversified: a life-and-death political drama that put the film colony on the heart of postwar politics. A script of this drama has been created via a generation’s worthy of memoirs and histories, in addition to films and documentaries. In it, the Communist screenwriters, administrators and actors are the heroes—“liberals in a rush” who knew little concerning the malignity of Stalinism. The villains within the piece are the home Committee on Un-American actions (HUAC), which summoned those reliable humans to call the names in their pals and associates; the Hollywood moguls who capitulated to the paranoia sweeping via American existence and blacklisted sincere idealists; the liberals who became their backs whereas this outrage happened; and worst of all, the ex-Communist “friendly witnesses” who cooperated with HUAC, attesting approximately their reports within the occasion and betraying humans that they had identified for part an entire life. because of this “scoundrel time,” so the tale is going, Hollywood descended from comity to anger; and from a golden age vii viii crimson superstar over Hollywood of socially suitable filmmaking to the escapist and mawkish films of the Nineteen Fifties and early Sixties. not just used to be an excellent wrecked, yet even worse, in response to this script, the occasions of that interval led the USA into the “great worry” of McCarthyism and directly to Richard Nixon, the Vietnam battle and a right-wing takeover through Ronald Reagan (later resurrected by means of George W.

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