Adventure

The South Pole: An Account of the Norwegian Antarctic Expedition in the Fram, 1910-1912

By Roland Huntford, Fridtjof Nansen, Roald Amundsen

Roald Amundsen documents his race to be the 1st guy to arrive the South Pole. Amundsen's services enabled him to prevail the place his predecessors, and rivals, didn't. His rival Captain Robert F. Scott not just did not succeed in the Pole first, but—due to bad education and miscalculation—died with the remainder of his social gathering on their go back journey. The South Pole continues to be one of many maximum and most crucial books on polar exploration.

"Roald Amundsen planted the Norwegian flag at the South Pole on December 14, 1911: a whole month earlier than Robert Falcon Scott arrived at the comparable spot. Amundsen's 'The South Pole'... is much less famous than his rival's, partly simply because he's much less of a literary stylist, but additionally, maybe, simply because he survived the journey.
"His publication is a riveting first-hand account of a really expert day trip; Amundsen's heroism is discreet, however it is heroism nonetheless."
--The instances of London, June 23 2001

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What sturdy do they do us? Little brains, I constantly resolution to myself, have in simple terms room for recommendations of bread and butter. the 1st identify at the roll of discovery is that of Prince Henry of Portugal, surnamed the Navigator, who's ever to be remembered because the earliest promoter of geographical learn. To his efforts used to be due the 1st crossing of the Equator, approximately 1470. With Bartholomew Diaz one other nice step upfront used to be made. crusing from Lisbon in 1487, he reached Algoa Bay, and definitely handed the 40th parallel on his southward voyage. Vasco da Gama’s voyage of 1497 is just too popular to wish description. After him got here males like Cabral and Vespucci, who elevated our wisdom, and de Gonneville, who extra to the romance of exploration. We then meet with the best of the older explorers, Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese by means of delivery, although crusing within the provider of Spain. commencing in 1519, he came upon the relationship among the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans within the strait that bears his identify. nobody earlier than him had penetrated thus far South—to approximately lat. fifty two° S. one in every of his ships, the Victoria, finished the 1st circumnavigation of the area, and therefore proven within the renowned brain the truth that the earth used to be rather around. From that point the assumption of the Antarctic areas assumed yes form. There has to be anything within the South: no matter if land or water the long run was once to figure out. In 1578 we come to the popular English seaman, Sir Francis Drake. notwithstanding he used to be accounted a buccaneer, we owe him honour for the geographical discoveries he made. He rounded Cape Horn and proved that Tierra del Fuego used to be a very good team of islands and never a part of an Antarctic continent, as many had suggestion. The Dutchman, Dirk Gerritsz, who took half in a plundering day trip to India in 1599 in terms of the Straits of Magellan, is expounded to were blown out of his path after passing the straits, and to have came upon himself in lat. sixty four° S. less than excessive land coated with snow. This has been assumed to be the South Shetland Islands, however the account of the voyage is open to doubt. within the 17th century we now have the discoveries of Tasman, and in the direction of its shut English adventurers mentioned having reached excessive latitudes within the South Atlantic. The English Astronomer Royal, Halley, undertook a systematic voyage to the South in 1699 for the aim of constructing magnetic observations, and met with ice in fifty two° S. , from which range he again to the north. The Frenchman, Bouvet (1738), was once the 1st to stick to the southern ice-pack for any substantial distance, and to convey studies of the titanic, flat-topped Antarctic icebergs. In 1756 the Spanish trading-ship Leon got here domestic and stated excessive, snow-covered land in lat. fifty five° S. to the east of Cape Horn. The likelihood is this used to be what we now recognize by means of the identify of South Georgia. The Frenchman, Marion-Dufresne, chanced on, in 1772, the Marion and Crozet Islands. within the comparable 12 months Joseph de Kerguélen-Trémarec—another Frenchman—reached Kerguelen Land.

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