By Lucio Magri
20 years have handed because the Italian Communists’ final Congress in 1991, during which the loss of life in their get together was once decreed. It was once a planned loss of life, speeded up via the will for a “new beginning.” That new starting by no means got here, and the realm misplaced a useful, complicated political, organizational and theoretical heritage.
In this designated and probing paintings, Lucio Magri, one of many towering highbrow figures of the Italian Left, assesses the explanations for the loss of life of what used to be the most robust and colourful communist events of the West. The PCI marked virtually a century of Italian historical past, from its founding in 1921 to the partisan resistance, the turning aspect of Salerno in 1944 to the de-Stalinization of 1956, the lengthy ’68 to the “historic compromise,” and to the opportunity—missed forever—of democratic transformation.
With rigor and fervour, The Tailor of Ulm merges an unique and enlightening interpretation of Italian communism with the event of a militant “heretic” right into a riveting read—capable of broadening our insights into modern Italy, and the twentieth-century communist adventure.
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Extra info for The Tailor of Ulm: A History of Communism
Versobooks. com Verso is the imprint of latest Left Books ISBN-13: 978-1-84467-698-9 British Library Cataloguing in booklet information a listing list for this booklet is obtainable from the British Li brary Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication info A catalog checklist for this publication is on the market from tbe Library of Typ s tin Sabon via MJ �avan, Print' I in rh US by way of M rl . ol"llwnll Y1il ongress Contents advent 1 1. The Legacy 19 the load of Communist guy The Gramsci genome 20 2. A Founding Act: The Salerno flip forty four The Liberation The nationwide harmony governments, 1944-7 the recent social gathering fifty two three. close to the 3rd global struggle sixty one The longer chilly warfare the nice shock the recent chilly conflict the discovery of the Atlantic pact sixty two four. The Communists and the hot chilly battle riposte The Cominform blunders Stalin's The not easy years 38 forty four fifty six sixty five sixty six seventy two seventy nine seventy nine eighty three 89 VI CONTENTS five. The surprise of the 20th Congr s 102 the start of de-Stalinization the 20 th Congress and Khrushchev' Se ret Speech Poland or Hungary 1 04 6. The PCI and De-Stalinization a hundred and twenty Togliatti and the key Speech the second one hurricane The 8th Congress 122 7 . The Italian Case 138 the commercial miracle The labour revival 141 eight. The Centre-Left 156 1 07 1 14 128 133 one hundred fifty nine. The PCI dealing with Neocapitalism 167 correct and Left developments in neocapitalism improvement version and structural reforms 1 sixty seven 173 10. The 11th Congress 181 The legitimacy of dissent USSR and China 181 1 88 eleven. Italy's lengthy Sixty-Eight 195 The centrality of the operating category scholars and others round them The Vatican Council 203 176 197 214 12. The PCI i n 1968 220 Prologue Prague is still by myself 222 227 Pm-ty and activities . 10 C ONTENTS Vll Longo, Berlinguer The Purge ofll Manifesto 235 thirteen. in the direction of the Endgame 244 the industrial concern An unconsummated marriage the 1st steps 245 252 14. ancient Compromise as a method 259 15. From Apogee to Defeat 237 253 267 The trouble of 1976 Failure of the grand coalition Omissions, silences and Lies 276 sixteen. What used to be Brewing in Italy 291 The downward miracle 291 270 278 17. What was once Brewing on the planet 306 The final chilly struggle trouble within the East Kissinger, an evil genius the recent wind from the West 306 18. The Fateful Eighties 324 the second one Berlinguer The revival of sophistication clash the ethical query The holiday A provisional stability sheet 19. Natta, the Conciliator 309 31 1 319 326 328 333 336 341 348 VIII C O NTE N TS 20. Andropov, Gorbachev, Yeltsin 356 Perestroika From Gorbachev to Yeltsin 358 21. the top of the PCI 368 The Occhetto operation a shocking unanimity The Bolognina flip: the ayes and the noes 3 splits 369 363 371 373 380 Envoi: a brand new Communist identification 385 improvement and nature Abundance and poverty, wishes and intake The query of labor The impotence of the sovereign The celebration shape 392 Index 396 401 407 419 428 Introduction the place may still I, a Trotta, pass now? Joseph Roth In 1 nine eight nine, at one of many packed conferences to choose no matter if the PCI may still swap its identify, a comrade positioned the subsequent query to Pietro Ingrao: 'After all that has been occurring, do you actually imagine the note communist can nonetheless be used to outline the good mass democratic social gathering that we have got been and nonetheless are, and that we wish to renew and advance in order that it might probably shape the govt. of this kingdom?